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Epidemiology of Diseases Frameworks

Epidemiology Frameworks

Epidemiology of Communicable Diseases

Use mnemonic: CDC III MRC.

C - Causal Agent
D - Distribution - geog, air/water, incident/preventative - Time/Person/Place(worldwide, Europe, UK), Endemic/epidemic/sporadic
C - Clinical features
 
I - Identification
I - Incubation
I - Infectivity ( communicability and who is susceptible (everyone/few/ immunised)
 
M - Mode of transmission
R - reservoir
C - Control
  • immunise
  • Prevention
  • Treatment
  • Prophylaxis
  • National outbreak

Epidemiology of chronic disease

Use mnemonic - AIM RP

A - Aetiology - case definition, clinical features
  • time: secular trends
  • Place:
  • Person: age, sex, ethnicity, social class, occupation
I - Incident and prevention
M - Mortality and Morbidity
 
R - Risk factors - genetic, lifestyle, environment, social/economic
P - Prevention - primary, secondary, tertiary

PLUS mention: research studies to back up information and comment on quality of these.