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Health Promotion Frameworks

Health Promotion Framework

1. Define health promotion using:

  • WHO (1984): Process of enabling people to increase control over and improve their health
  • Tannahill (1990): Process of enhancing health and reducing risk of ill-health through the overlapping spheres of health education, health protection and disease prevention.

2. Discuss different approaches - Ewles and Simnet 1995

  1. Medical/preventative approach
  2. Behavioural approach
  3. Educational approach
  4. Empowerment/ client-centred approach
  5. Social change

3. Discuss a few Models of health promotion (as relevant)

  1. Tannahill
  2. Beattie
  3. Tones - health promotion = Health education X healthy public policy
  4. Stages of change model
  5. Health belief
  6. Social cognitive

4. Delivery of Health promotion. - (Levels of)

Use EITHER:

  1. International
  2. National - fiscal/tax, legislation, government department
  3. NHS - health authority/ trusts/ primary care - all professionals in each
  4. Local/ community - voluntary groups
    • LA - EHO, housing, education, transport, leisure etc
    • Business and industry
    • Police etc
    • Workplace
  1. Family
  2. Individual

OR: Mnemonic: PE VAMP LIGHT

P - Public L - Local authority
E - Employers I - Industry
 
V - voluntary groups G - Government
A - Advertising H - health services - primary / secondary
M - Media T - Training
P - Primary Care

L - Local authority
I - Industry
G - Government
H - health services - primary / secondary
T - Training